proportion

proportion
1 noun
1 AMOUNT (C) a part or share of a larger amount: proportion of sth to sth: The proportion of men to women in the population has changed in recent years.
(+ of): Quite high proportions of their incomes are spent on fuel.
2 NUMBER (C) a number of people or things, considered as a part or share of a larger number
(+ of): Far higher proportions of part-time workers have no health insurance at all. (also + plural verb BrE): A large proportion of the people are illiterate.
3 RELATIONSHIP (C, U) the relationship between the amounts, numbers, or sizes of different things that go together to form a whole: eating the right foods in the right proportions | proportion of sth to sth: The proportion of men to women has changed in recent years. | the proportion of: Make salad dressing in the proportion of three parts oil to one part vinegar.
4 ATTRACTIVENESS (U)
a) the correct relationship between the size, shape and position of the different parts of something, which gives it an attractive appearance: Builders must learn about scale and proportion. | in proportion: Reduce the drawing so that all the elements stay in proportion.
b) the correct relationship between the size or shape of something and the place where it is: out of proportion (to/with): They've built a house that's completely out of proportion with the size of the lot.
5 in proportion (to/with sth) according to a particular relationship in size, amount etc: If you use a whole pineapple, increase the other ingredients in proportion. | Tax is then calculated in proportion to what you earn.
6 in proportion (to sth) when you compare sizes, amounts etc: Her feet are small in proportion to her height.
7 SIZE/IMPORTANCE proportions (plural) the size and shape of something, or the degree to which something is important: a building of classic proportions | It may reduce the task to more manageable proportions. | immense/huge/massive etc proportions: an ecological tragedy of enormous proportions | epic/heroic/mythic proportions: For most of us, Scott was a hero of mythic proportions. | crisis/epidemic etc proportions: a fall in silk prices of catastrophic proportions
8 keep things in proportion to react to a situation sensibly, and not think that it is worse or more serious than it really is: Try to keep things in proportion; you won't die if you don't get the job.
—see also: perspective (2)
9 get/blow things (all) out of proportion to react to a situation as if it is worse or more serious than it really is
10 out of (all) proportion (to sth) a reaction, result, emotion etc that is out of proportion is too strong or great, compared to the situation in which it happens: The fear of violent crime has now risen out of all proportion to the actual risk.
11 sense of proportion the ability to judge what is most important in a situation: keep/lose a sense of proportion: You can protest by all means, but keep a sense of proportion.
12 MATHEMATICS (U) technical equality in the mathematical relationship between two sets of numbers, as in the statement `8 is to 6 as 32 is to 24'
2 verb (transitive usually passive) formal
1 well/badly/beautifully etc proportioned having a size and shape that is either pleasant or unpleasant to look at, or is either right or wrong for its use: a well proportioned room | long, beautifully proportioned legs
2 to make something stay in a particular relationship with something else according to size, amount, position etc: proportion sth to sth: Allowances for expenditure have been proportioned to your income.

Longman dictionary of contemporary English. 2004.

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  • Proportion — Proportion …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • PROPORTION — Le terme proportion désigne un concept mathématique qui appartient à l’héritage grec et dont l’application s’étend à tous les savoirs quantifiables. «Cette partie, écrivait justement le père J. Prestet dans ses Élémens de mathématiques (1675),… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Proportion — Pro*por tion, n. [F., fr. L. proportio; pro before + portio part or share. See {Portion}.] [1913 Webster] 1. The relation or adaptation of one portion to another, or to the whole, as respect magnitude, quantity, or degree; comparative relation;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • proportion — PROPORTION. s. f. Convenance & rapport des parties entre elles & avec leur tout. Juste proportion. il faut qu il y ait une certaine proportion de tous les membres avec la teste. les differentes proportions des ordres d architecture. les… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • proportion — UK US /prəˈpɔːʃən/ noun ► [C] the number or amount of part of something when compared to the whole: boost/increase the proportion of sth »He pledged to boost the group s proportion of home sales from 5% to 10%. as a proportion of sth »Last year,… …   Financial and business terms

  • Proportion — bezeichnet: Verhältnisgleichung in der Mathematik, siehe Quotient #Proportionen das Verhältnis der Größen der Körperteile, siehe Körperbau ein Charakteristikum der Intervalle oder auch der Taktarten in der Musik proportionale Schriftart, einen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Proportion — (v. lat.), 1) Verhältniß; 2) Verhältnißmäßigkeit, Ebenmaß; 3) Proportion des menschlichen Körpers, die Normalgrößen, welche einzelne Theile in Bezug zu den übrigen haben, worauf bes. die Gefälligkeit der äußeren Bildung beruht. Außer den Gesetzen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Proportion — Pro*por tion, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Proportioned}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Proportioning}.] [Cf. F. proportionner. Cf. {Proportionate}, v.] 1. To adjust in a suitable proportion, as one thing or one part to another; as, to proportion the size of a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Proportion [1] — Proportion, eine Gleichung, bei der auf beiden Seiten ein Verhältnis steht, z.B. a : b = c : d. Hieraus folgt a d = b c und durch Auflösung a = b c/d. a und d heißen äußere, b und c innere Glieder der Proportion. Man darf die inneren, ebenso auch …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • proportion — ► NOUN 1) a part, share, or number considered in relation to a whole. 2) the ratio of one thing to another. 3) the correct or pleasing relation of things or between the parts of a whole. 4) (proportions) dimensions; size. ► VERB formal ▪ adjust… …   English terms dictionary

  • Proportion — Sf Verhältnis erw. fach. (15. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. proportio, zusammengebildet aus l. prō portione je nach Anteil . Adjektiv: proportional. Moderne Kürzung (schwz., österr.) Proporz.    Ebenso nndl. proportie, ne. proportion, nfrz.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

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